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Tantek Çelik (Editor)

h-item is a simple, open format for publishing details about arbitrary items. h-item is one of several open microformat draft standards suitable for embedding data in HTML.

In practice, h-item is almost never used on its own, but rather as the p-item in an h-review if the item being reviewed cannot otherwise be represented by either an h-card, h-product, h-event, or other specific microformat.

Per CC0, to the extent possible under law, the editors have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this work. In addition, as of 2022-10-01, the editors have made this specification available under the Open Web Foundation Agreement Version 1.0.



As the only properties defined by h-item are p-name, u-url and u-photo, in practice only the root class name is ever actually required thanks to microformats-2-implied-properties. Explicit properties may be needed for unusual markup structures or to represent multiple values, e.g. multiple URLs, photos. etc..

<a class="h-item" href="http://example.org/items/1">
  <img src="http://example.org/items/1/photo.png" alt="" />
  The Item Name

Parsed JSON:

  "items": [
      "type": [
      "properties": {
        "name": [
          "The Item Name"
        "photo": [
        "url": [


All properties are optional.


h-item is a microformats.org draft specification. Public discussion on h-item takes place on h-item-feedback and the #microformats irc channel on irc.freenode.net.

Property Details

(stub, add any property explanations here)

Examples in the Wild


Main article: validators

Test and validate microformats2 markup in general with:


h-item was extracted from the classic hReview microformat as a way of referring to arbitrary reviewed items which cannot be represented by other microformats but which required a “shell” microformat due to the flat property requirement of microformats 2.

See Also


h-item was last modified: Thursday, August 3rd, 2017